Before we get started, let’s be clear that…
Trans people have always existed, everywhere on earth. We take both current trans experiences and rich trans histories as seriously as that of any group of people.
Transphobia is widespread in our current society. Ignorance and prejudice regarding trans people are common and continue to harm trans people everywhere. We are here to question, challenge, and dismantle these views.
Drag to match the term with the definition!
Consequences of Transgressing Gender Norms
There are many different elements in a transition process and many different steps an individual may take in order to feel as comfortable as possible in their gender (or non-gender).
Below are three categories representing aspects of the transition process that *some* trans and non-binary people choose to engage with.
These categories are not fixed! They overlap and flow into each other, demonstrated by the overlapping circles. Read the explanation for each category below and then drag the examples into the correct section.
The legal aspect of transition refers to interactions with legal institutions, legal barriers that some trans people are forced to face as a result of our existing systems, and/or the fight for legal equality and freedom from discrimination that trans activists advocate for.
Medical procedures alter an individual’s physical body through many possible methods of intervention, such as surgery.
- In order to change your name and/or sex marker on official documents, you must apply through the Directeur de l’État civil.
- There are legal barriers that make access to this more challenging for some than others. For example, in Quebec, you can only change your sex marker on documents if you’re a Canadian citizen. Trans migrants can’t make these changes until they become citizens, which requires time (5+ years) and money (citizenship isn’t free!)
- Changing the sex marker on their medical insurance card is a key step for trans people towards accessing better health services.
- It is important to know that even with the correct sex marker, trans individuals still encounter many barriers in the healthcare system because most health professionals don’t have the necessary skills to competently meet their needs.
- Access to HRT happens through the medical system. Prescriptions for HRT are obtained from a general practitioner, a specialist, or a health clinic.
- Provided that one goes through psychological and medical evaluations, HRT is covered by government insurance.
- Not everyone has access to these evaluations, access depends on your coverage (RAMQ or other, the type of insurance you have, your citizenship status, student status)
- In order to get access to hormones, trans folks have to get a professional opinion from one or more health professionals within a system that has historically harmed trans people, especially trans people of colour. It can be extremely painful to feel as though you have to prove your transness.
- To change your name legally, you must go through either the judicial process or the Directeur de l’état civil.
- Surgeries are medical procedures. *
- Double mastectomy (removal of chest tissue and glands, often called top surgery), vaginoplasty (using tissue from the penis and testicles to create a vagina and vulva), and phalloplasty (using tissue from the arm or thigh to create a phallus) are some of the procedures that can be covered by government insurance. However, other body modification procedures that can contribute to someone’s transition aren’t covered: laser hair removal, weight gain training, etc.